For other stakeholders, the recommendations encourage:
• Universities and research institutions to develop, post, distribute and regularly review their policies on authorship.
• Funding agencies to adopt ORCID to encourage widespread acceptance of a unique digital identity for scholars.
• Scientific societies to hold special sessions on the topic of integrity in authorship at scientific meetings.
Additionally, to help detail author contributions beyond what is available through CRediT, the Sunnylands retreat participants encouraged the creation of a cost-free, web-based tool that would foster experimentation in authorship transparency and accountability.
The authorship retreat followed a Sunnylands retreat in February 2015 on ways to better protect the integrity of science. That retreat, convened by the late Ralph J. Cicerone, then president of the National Academy of Sciences, generated recommendations published in Science in the article, “Self-correction in science at work.”