Dr. Daniel Goroff

Dr. Daniel Goroff is Vice President and Program Director at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, a philanthropy that supports breakthroughs in science, technology, and economics. He is currently on temporary and part-time loan to the National Science Foundation (NSF) serving as Division Director for Social and Economic Sciences. A former Division Director at the National Research Council (NRC), Dr. Goroff has twice worked for the President’s Science Advisor in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), most recently as Assistant Director for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences.    

Dr. Daniel Goroff is Professor Emeritus of Mathematics and Economics at Harvey Mudd College in Claremont, where he also served as Dean of the Faculty and Vice President for Academic Affairs.  During 20 years before that at Harvard University, he rose in rank from Assistant Professor of Mathematics to Professor of the Practice and Associate Director of the Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning.  A winner of the Phi Beta Kappa Award—the highest recognition for educational excellence in Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Science—Goroff not only developed and taught courses in mathematics, but also in economics, physics, engineering, and history of science, as well as a pioneering course on “Decisions, Games, and Negotiations” that was popular online, too.  The master’s program he founded and directed at Harvard on “Mathematics for Teaching” still enrolls dozens of degree candidates each year.    

Dr. Daniel Goroff’s research interests include optimization over time, decision-making under uncertainty, the mathematics of privacy, and the economics of science.  He has held extended visiting positions at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey, the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques in Paris, the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley, the Dibner Institute at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Columbia University’s Teachers College, and the Bellagio Residency Program for Academic Writing in Italy. Books he has edited include one on Science and Engineering Careers with Richard Freeman as well as a three-volume translation, with an extended introduction, of Les Méthodes Nouvelles de la Mécanique Céleste by Henri Poincaré. Getting to the Point, a textbook on reasoning co-authored with Nat Kuhn, resumed classroom testing in 2021.    

Dr. Daniel Goroff earned a BA-MA summa cum laude in Mathematics as a Borden Scholar at Harvard in 1978, an MPhil in Economics as a Churchill Scholar at Cambridge University in 1979, a master’s in Mathematical Finance as an HMC Scholar at Boston University in 2008, a PhD in Mathematics at Princeton University as a Danforth Fellow in 1984, and completed an Executive Education Program for  

Nonprofit Leaders at Stanford’s Graduate School of Business in 2013. He was elected to the Faculty Council at Harvard in 1991, to the Board of Directors of the American Association for Higher Education in 1994, to the Board of Directors of the G7’s Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation in 2016, and to the Board of Trustees of Smith College in 2016.   

Dr. Daniel Goroff has presented Congressional testimony about science policy before both the House and the Senate. A Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, he helped found the Science Philanthropy Alliance, the Research on Research Initiative, and, in response to COVID-19, the Societal Experts Action Network. He is a tireless champion for research rigor and reproducibility, for evidence-based policymaking, and for accountable institutional innovation—especially concerning diversity and inclusiveness. For his support of research on data science and economic measurement, Goroff won the 2020 Links Lecture Award presented by the American Statistical Association.